What is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the most common form of diabetes, is considered a metabolic disorder that results in high-blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) caused by an insulin resistance and deficiency. A normally functioning pancreas will secrete the insulin hormone in low amounts after eating a meal. The glucose (sugar) found in the foods we eat stimulate the secretion of the insulin hormone proportional to the size of each meal. The main role of insulin is to help move specific nutrients into the body’s cells, mainly sugar, which they use as a source of energy. When glucose levels in the bloodstream rise, the beta cells located in the pancreas increase the secretion of insulin to avoid hyperglycemia. In type 2 diabetes, this process works improperly. Instead of moving into your cells to be used as a source of energy, glucose builds up in your bloodstream. Unlike people diagnosed with type 1, the bodies of people with type 2 diabetes produce the hormone insulin. The two main problems caused by type 2 diabetes is the pancreas not producing enough insulin and the body not using the insulin sufficiently.
A diagnosis of T2DM occurs when the body does not use the hormone insulin properly. The process of improper secretion and absorption is referred to as insulin resistance. In the early stages, the pancreas makes extra insulin to regulate the high blood glucose (sugar) levels, but over time it is not able to make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels. When there isn’t enough insulin or the insulin is not used properly, glucose can’t get into the body’s cells as it should, causing body’s cells to not function normally.
Although it is diagnosed far more than type 1 diabetes, the causes of type 2 diabetes are considered to be less understood. The disease can be genetic, however, how it is inherited is unknown. T2MD is a progressive disease that develops when the body becomes insulin resistant or the pancreas does not produce enough of the insulin hormone. Exactly why this happens is not known, however, research has proposed contributing risk factors such as those who have had gestational diabetes, are overweight or obese, have high blood pressure, or have low HDL cholesterol. While certain factors, such as being over the age of 45, put you at risk for type 2 diabetes, the causes and occurrences of this disease are unpredictable and unknown.
Complications associated with the build-up of glucose in the blood can progressively damage essential tissues of the body. The nerves and small blood vessels of the eyes, heart and kidneys are compromised which may cause atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), and dehydration due to polyuria (excessive urination). When a person with type 2 diabetes becomes very ill or severely dehydrated and are incapable of making up for excessive fluid loss they may develop a life-threatening complication known as a diabetic coma. Other symptoms associated with the onset of T2DM are an increased thirst and frequent urination, increased hunger, weight loss, fatigue, skin infections, high blood pressure, gum disease, blurred vision, and acanthosis nigricans (patches of dark, velvety skin that forms in areas like the armpits and neck). Other complications range from risks of glaucoma and other eye problems to neuropathy that can cause numbness in the feet and other areas of the extremities. More serious conditions include mental health issues that may lead to depression, hearing loss, and the risk of ketoacidosis (DKA), especially when battling an illness, and stroke.
There is currently no cure for diabetes. The current treatment for T2DM requires a lifelong commitment. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin at least once a day and test their blood glucose concentration three to four times a day throughout their entire lives. Frequent monitoring is important because patients who keep their blood glucose concentrations as close to normal can significantly reduce many of the complications of diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes can often control their blood glucose concentrations through a combination of diet, exercise, and oral medication. Type 2 diabetes often progresses to the point where only insulin therapy will control blood glucose concentrations. In nearly every approach to a treatment of T2MD, whether it be prescription oral medications, insulin therapy, and in few cases, bariatric surgery, the goal is to keep the blood glucose levels in the body closest to normal.
Adult Stem Therapy for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Adult stem cell therapy uses a process of harvesting stem cells from their most abundant source, adipose (fat) tissue, activating them through an enrichment process, and reintroducing them into one’s own body. This procedure is designed to aid in the replacement and repair of aging and deteriorated tissues in the body. Regenerative therapy helps the body’s natural healing process work faster and more effectively. These advancements in the treatment of type 2 diabetes work to fully regenerate missing or damaged tissue that the body would not ordinarily regrow. Improvement in the following symptoms associated with T2DM have been observed:
- Enhanced mood
- Increased energy
- Increased ability to perform daily exercises
- Reduction in the required amount of insulin
- Improved urine function
- Improved gastrointestinal function
Using revolutionary technology, using adult stem cell therapy to offer a way to help heal or subside effects related to this widespread disease that has plagued us for too long. This breakthrough procedure revitalizes areas of the body that need assistance in achieving better health. In this era of regenerative medicine, a treatment to assist patients in their fight against this progressive disorder and the symptoms has been produced. This discovery in the treatment for T2DM helps replenish the damaged cells and achieve relief from the variety of complications associated with the condition. By modulating one’s immune system and aiding the body’s natural healing process work faster and more effectively, adipose stem cell therapy has shown the potential for improvement with the symptoms experienced from type 2 diabetes.