What is Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus?
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is an autoimmune disease that attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. These cells, called beta cells, are destroyed resulting in a deficiency of the insulin hormone. A healthy functioning pancreas will secrete the insulin hormone in low amounts after eating a meal. The sugar, or glucose, found in the foods we eat stimulate the secretion of the insulin hormone proportional to the size of the meal. The main role of insulin is to help move specific nutrients into the body’s cells, mainly sugar, to be used as a source of energy. When glucose levels in the bloodstream decrease, the beta cells located in the pancreas lower the secretion of insulin to avoid hypoglycemia. The destruction of these cells, as seen in type 1 diabetes, results in complete dysfunction of this intricate process.
In the less frequently diagnosed type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces very little or none of the insulin hormone. In people with this disease, sugar isn’t moved into the cells because insulin needed for this process is depleted or not being produced at all. When sugar builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells, they become starved of essential nutrients. Without proper treatment, the other systems in the body are without nutrients needed for important bodily functions. As a result, high blood sugar develops which can cause several different complications.
Common symptoms related to high blood sugar include dehydration, frequent urination, and weight loss. Other more severe complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, stroke, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), damage to the nervous system as well as the capillaries of the eyes, kidneys and heart. Attempting to keep your blood sugar level close to normal most of the time can dramatically reduce the risk of many complications.
Long-term complications of type 1 diabetes develop gradually, over the years following a diagnosis. Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening. Heart and blood vessel disease can occur that dramatically increases the risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease, chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and high blood pressure. Damage to the nerves that affect the gastrointestinal tract can cause a patient to experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. Diabetes type 1 can also affect kidney function leading to kidney failure or irreversible kidney disease. Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet as a result of diabetes increases the risk of various foot complications. Left untreated, cuts and blisters can become serious infections that might require toe, foot or even leg amputation. Diabetes type 1 may also lead to lower than normal bone mineral density, increasing the risk of osteoporosis.
Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, though many of these factors are not fully understood and there is no single-known cause. Aspects of an individual’s family history, genetics, and environment can help better understand a diagnosis or the potential for the disease to appear in a person. Possible risk factors include viral exposure that triggers the autoimmune attack or directly infects the islet cells of the pancreas and being born with jaundice. Having a mother younger than the age of 25 when she gave birth or who had preeclampsia during pregnancy could also be a potential risk factor for type 1 diabetes.
Although extensive research has been done on this disorder, there is currently no cure for type 1 diabetes mellitus. In this type of diabetes, insulin is usually taken several times a day and blood sugar tests are done three to four times a day throughout the remainder of their lives. Frequent monitoring is considered important because patients who keep their blood glucose concentrations closest to normal can reduce the disabling complications associated with this form of diabetes. Treatment for type 1 diabetes is a lifelong commitment as it is a multifactorial progressive condition. Taking insulin, regular exercise, healthy eating, and constant monitoring of blood sugar are a few of the daily recommendations for a person with type 1 diabetes. Oral medications may also be prescribed like immunosuppresses, and for symptomatic conditions such as high blood pressure or atherosclerosis. In some cases an aspirin regimen may be suggested to protect the heart from any damage.
Adipose Stem Cell Therapy for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Adult stem cell therapy has become a powerful alternative for those managing their type 1 diabetes. The stem cells harvested from a patient’s own body have the potential to replace countless cells and tissues. The undifferentiated cells heal the body by repairing ones plagued with disease or regenerating new cells where they have been lost. Autologous stem cell transplantation is a process of harvesting stem cells from their most abundant source, adipose (fat) tissue, activating them through an enrichment and special laser process, and reintroducing them into one’s own body. Stem cells target areas of the body, following inflammatory signals from the brain, where treatment is most needed and begin the necessary repairs. This advancement in using adult stem cell therapy assists the body to regenerate missing or diseased tissue that would not ordinarily be regrown, including beta cells.
Recent research in the advancement of adult stem cell therapy has shown that restoration of damaged cells through this treatment is possible. This breakthrough in regenerative medicine shines a light of hope on those battling this degenerative disease. Past treatments have shown that adipose derived stem cells not only have the potential to regenerate the diseased or damaged tissues in the body, but also have to ability to temporarily modulate the immune system, disabling the abnormal attack. By addressing these two areas of type 1 diabetes, potential improvements with the following symptoms have been observed:
- Improved weight gain
- Decreased hyperglycemia
- Enhanced mood
- Increased energy
- Slight improvements in pancreas function
With this treatment, hope can be returned to those managing this degenerative condition. This advanced technology offers a natural procedure to assist your body in rebuilding itself. Adult stem cell therapy is a treatment designed to help the body’s natural repair kit work more effectively. Autologous stem cells treatments are an alternative way of approaching type 1 diabetes that aids in the restoration of deteriorated tissues of the body and helps prevent or arrest the autoimmune attack. There is no cure for type 1 diabetes mellitus, but our methods have shown beneficial in the management of the challenging symptoms associated with the disease. With confidence that adult stem therapy has measurable results and the potential to change the lives of those battling this multifactorial condition.