Stromal vascular fraction or SVF cells is a medical term that describes a heterogeneous kind of cell that are typically found in adipose “fat” tissue. SVF cells are not the same as “stem cells” and are generally used for cosmetic purposes. These types of cells constitute about 2/3rd of all cells in the human body.
The remaining cells are called adipocytes.(Jerareungrattan, Sila-asna, and Bunyaratvej)* SVF Cells are complex cellular products that are made from fat. SVF cell family is quite diverse and contains dozens of types of cells,cytokines and growth factors. Stromal-vascular fraction or SVF cells include:
Adipose derived SVF cells acquired through adipose tissue are mainly used in cosmetic stem cell applications such as stem cell breast or stem cell facelifts. There are also several studies and clinical trials underway to understand the use of SVF cells in regenerative medicine for conditions such as orthopaedic sport injuries,diabetes and arthritis.(Sukpat et al. 2013)* SVF cells have demonstrated anti-inflammatory effects even using non-expanded cells.(Wang et al. 2013)*